|Lauca National Park is high in the Andes, on the Bolivian border, at the approximate end of the red arrow.|
|Bofedal, above and below.|
Just two of hundreds which sprinkle the landscape of Lauca.
|Glacial moraine (material deposited by retreating glaciers) around Lake Cotacotani, Lauca NP.|
|Part of the queue - they had a very scenic place to wait in at least!|
|Volcanos Parinocota (left) and Pomerape in Bolivia (right), above Lake Chungará.|
|A closer view of Parinocota.|
|Volcanic smoke gently puffing from an unidentified cone, Lauca NP.|
|Polylepis trees growing in a harsh glacial landscape well above 4,000masl in Lauca NP.|
|Frozen pools in a Lauca bofedal.|
|Even this stream was substantially frozen.|
|Azorella sp. mounds, above and below, in a harsh landscape.|
|Mountain Viscacha Lagidium viscacia;|
despite its rabbity appearance, it is one of the old South American rodents and very much
at home in apparently unhomely habitats like Lauca.
|In fact, wherever you go in high Lauca there's likely to be a viscacha watching!|
Like the South American monkeys, the old rodents have their roots in Africa and, like them,
it's not at all clear how they got here some 45 million years ago, though it must have been by sea.
|Here a viscacha has been joined by another enigmatic South American,|
a Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyianus.There are just four species of seedsnipe, all South American, and apparently aberrant waders.
|Puna Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola juninensis.|
|Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola rufivertex. (It's really the crown which is rufous.)|
|White-fronted Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola albifrons.|
|White-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes atacamensis. Cinclodes represent some 14 species of ground-foraging mostly cold-loving birds found throughout the Andes and Patagonia.|
|Crested Ducks Lophonetta specularioides.|
A single-species genus which also favours the high mountains and deep south.
|Black-hooded Sierra-finch Phrygilus atriceps, another high-altitude specialist. (Thanks Juan!)|
(And perhaps because this is South America, sierra-finches are actually tanagers...)
|Alpacas Vicugna pacos grazing in Lauca NP.|